25 Years of Ethiopians Suffering: The Tigray people Liberation Front (TPLF) Genocide of The Amara People

By Haileeysus Adamu Akalu(BSc,MPH,MSc),Researcher and Public Health Specialist

25 Years of Ethiopians Suffering The Tigray people Liberation Front (TPLF) Genocide of The Amara People Pre TPLF

Historically, Ethiopia was ruled by successive emperors and kings, with a feudal system of government. In 1974 the military took over the reins of rule by force and administered the country until May 1991. Currently, the former guerrilla group have been ruled the country with absolute dictatorship and its administrative system is ethnic based federalism (1-13). Millions of Amara have been subjected to ethnic cleansing and genocide in different parts of the Ethiopia for the last 25 years. Reports showed that during the last 25 years the ruling TPLF regime and its cohorts have committed various gruesome human rights violations against members of the Amara (Amhara) ethnic group in Ethiopia (5, 7-8).

In 1976, the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) that is currently ruling Ethiopia crafted its Greater Tigray Manifesto. TPLF claimed in its political program as a struggle against “Amara and imperialism” and labelled the Amaras as staunch enemies of the Tigray people, it is generally assumed that the opposition to TPLF’s apartheid-style rule would come from the Amara ethnic group. The manifesto called for transforming the northern Ethiopian region of Tigray in to an independent country through expansionist policies. For Greater Tigray to become a reality, TPLF decided that they have to take control of the central government in Ethiopia and systematically dismantle the country (5-8).

Since coming to power, the TPLF has unlawfully incorporated and forcefully annexed parts of North Gondar and North Wollo districts of the Amara regional state into Tigray region. The total numbers of counties which have been taken over from North Gondar are five: Welkait, Tsegede, Tselemt, Setit and Tach Armachiho. Raya and Qobo district of North Wollo, with all its counties, has also been taken over by TPLF and incorporated to Tigray region. Once the TPLF took control of these districts, it has carried out systematic genocide and ethnic cleansing on the indigenous Amara people, who lived there for generations (5, 6-8).

Ethiopian Information Service Network, Moresh Wogene Amara Organization and other humanitarian organizations were documented and reported the large scale genocide of innocent Amaras and other Christians by TPLF (Tigray People Liberation Front), OLF (Oromo Liberation Front) and OPDO (Oromo Peoples Democratic Movement) members in Arsi, Wolega, Harergi, Jimma and Illibabur region of southern Ethiopia in 1991. According to these reports in the six districts located in Arba Gugu sub-province of Arsi and in Bedeno subprovince of Harergi Administrative region, thousands of Amaras and other Christian homes 25 Years of Ethiopians Suffering: The Tigray people Liberation Front (TPLF) Genocide of The Amara People Haileeysus Adamu Akalu(BSc,MPH,MSc),Researcher and Public Health Specialist have been razed and burnt down to ashes, thousands of human lives have perished; property worth millions of Birr has been destroyed. Based on eye witness accounts and video evidences, amaras and other Christians have been slaughtered like animals; the breast of women were cut and these very women victims forced to roast or grill their breast by TPLF,OLF and OPDO members. Countless atrocities have been perpetrated (5, 7-8).

Eritrean people Liberation Front (EPLF) along with the OLF forces were also instrumental in the genocide of more than 300 innocent Amaras in Assosa in January 1990. There are reports of Ethnic cleansing targeting Amaras in the present day Eritrea after EPLF took control of Asmara (5, 6-8).

At a hearing testimony to the country rubber stamp Parliament by Miss Samia Zekaria, Director of the Central Statistical Agency, she had publicly admitted that between 1994 and 2007, about 2.5 million Amaras have been systematically unaccounted for in the 2007 census result. This amounts to 5% of the national population and 4% of the Orthodox Christian population of 2007. The Amaras are one of the two linguistic groups which together account for the majority of the Ethiopian population with the Oromo/Amara ratio being 29%/28% in 1984 and 32%/30% in 1994. This ratio, however, showed a precipitous rise in 2007 to 34%/27% which begs a satisfactory explanation that is yet to be provided by the census authorities. As a direct consequence of this finding, the TPLF parliament has reduced the annual budget allocation to the Amara regional state, which further complicates the very survival of the Amara people. According to eye witness accounts of the survivors, the number of Amaras removed from their livelihoods and eliminated during the last 24 years could soar up to about 6 million (5,7-9).

The Future of the Country

Worst Case

Famine, Chaos and Civil War

  • Total inhalation of the Amara People
  • Ethiopia collapses as a state

Best Case

Resolution of Competing Political and Economic Claims, Resilience of the Community and Addressing Climate Change Effect

  •  Peaceful transition of power to the people and national reconciliation
  •  Stopping of the ongoing massacre and genocide against the Amara people.
  • Release of opposition members and other political prisoner including journalists, allowing for broad participation in the political process by opposition groups, free of intimidation.

25 Years of Ethiopians Suffering: The Tigray people Liberation Front (TPLF) Genocide of The Amara People Haileeysus Adamu Akalu(BSc,MPH,MSc),Researcher and Public Health Specialist  Efficient economic reforms, reducing dependence on foreign aid and pushing forward development.

Most Likely Case

  •  The current large scale genocide against the Amara people will continue with different forms and tactics.
  • Support from the United States, and the international community’s avoidance of Ethiopia’s internal struggles, will continue the status quo with the government ruling by suppressing opposition where necessary.
  • Current political structure will continue to exacerbate ethnic tensions.
  • Tensions between ethnic groups can turn into insurrections.
  • Opposition leaders and human right activists incite and help popular uprising and revolution against state authorities
  • Sporadic violence spreads to overwhelm the regime, triggering a full out civil war


  • 1. Central Statistical Agency (Ethiopia) and ORC Macro. Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey 2005. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and Calverton, Maryland, USA. Central Statistical Agency and ORC Macro; 2006
  • 2. Central Statistical Agency (Ethiopia) and ORC Macro. Children’s Health and Nutritional Status: A new look at data from the 2005 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS). Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and Calverton, Maryland, USA. Central Statistical Agency and ORC Macro; 2006
  • 3. CIA. Ethiopia Fact Book.https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-worldfactbook/geos/et.html (accessed 06 December 13).
  • 4. WorldBank.EthiopiaOverview. http://www.worldbank.org/en/country/ethiopia/overview (accessed 06 December 13).
  • 5. Genocide Watch. Moresh Wegene Amara Organization Report on Genocide Committed Against Amara People. http://genocidewatch.net/wpcontent/uploads/2016/01/MWAO_Genocide-Report_V3- No1_Tue0Aug2015_Genocide-Committed-Against-the-Amara-Amhara-in-BenshangulGumuz-Regional-State-Metekel-Zone-1.pdf
  • 6. Tigray People Liberation Front (TPLF), TPLF Manifesto, February 1976. page 18 25 Years of Ethiopians Suffering: The Tigray people Liberation Front (TPLF) Genocide of The Amara People Haileeysus Adamu Akalu(BSc,MPH,MSc),Researcher and Public Health Specialist
  • 7. Ethiopian Information Service Network. Remembering The Hidden Massacre of Amharas & Christians in Arsi 1991. http://www.amharatimes.com/2014/11/05/remembering-the-hidden-massacre-ofamharas-christians-in-arsi-1991/
  • 8. 2.5 Million Amharas missing confirmed in parliament part 1. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ndSzSPskwAw
  • 9. Berhanu Abegaz Three Million Amara are Missing: An Analysis based on the 1994 and the 2007 Ethiopian Population Censuses.
  • 10. BBC. Ethiopia famine aid ‘spent on weapons’. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/8535189.stm (accessed 06 December 13).
  • 11. The Telegraph. Millions of Ethiopian famine aid used to buy weapons. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/africaandindianocean/ethiopia/7359324/Mi llions-of-Ethiopian-famine-aid-used-to-buy-weapons.html (accessed 06 December 13).
  • 12. Human Rights Watch. Development without Freedom How Aid Underwrites Repression in Ethiopia. New York. Human Rights Watch; 2010
  • 13. Evelien Thieme Groen & Carolien Jacobs. Ethiopia Risk Mapping. http://www.cordaid.org/media/publications/Ethiopia_risk_mapping_20120130_ETG.pdf (accessed 06 December 13).
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Posted by on April 8, 2016. Filed under NEWS. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0. Both comments and pings are currently closed.

2 Responses to 25 Years of Ethiopians Suffering: The Tigray people Liberation Front (TPLF) Genocide of The Amara People

  1. Moresh

    April 20, 2016 at 2:00 AM

    This article has nothing to add to the unity of the Ethiopian people. It calls for an ethnic conflict through its racist analysis. If you think the current Ethiopian government is doing that,then, it is a matter of time until justice is served. But your analysis revolves around a certain ethnic group – a false claim which some individuals make so that they could come to power.

    You know what? The people of Ethiopia are tired of wars, conflicts,etc. They better chose the “well known devil than a strange angel!” if there is such an angel like you at all!!!

    May god forbid such ethnic conflicts and clashes in Ethiopia. May also God shut down such mouths and minds which call for an ethnic conflict in this poor country.

  2. Dereje T/Selassie

    April 24, 2016 at 3:01 AM

    አማራ ነጻነቱን ማስከበር አለበት

    አማራ ጨዋና ሃገር ወዳድ ህዝብ ነው ነገር ግን ወንድሜ ከሚለው ከትግራይ ህዝብ የወጣው ህወሀት/ወያኔ በአማራን ህዝብ ላይ ፋሽስት ጣልያን እንኳን ያላደረገውን በደልና ጭቆና ላለፉት 25 አመታት እየፈጸመበት ይገኛል። በ1983 ዓ/ም የሽግግር መንግሥቱ ከተቋቋመበት ጊዜ ጀምሮ አማራው በዚህ መንግስት የተገለለ፣ የተጨቆነ፣ በራሱም ይሁን በሃገሩ ጉዳይ ላይ እንዲናገር መብት የተነፈገው ነው፣ መሬቱም በጠመንጃ ሃይል ተነጥቆ ወደ ትግራይ እና ወደ ሱዳን ተቆርሶ ተሰቷል።

    ወያኔዎች በአማራ ህዝብ ላይ ከነበራቸው በቀልና ጥላቻ የተነሳ የዜግነት መብቱን በመንፈግና መሬቱን በመንጠቅ ብቻ ጥፋታቸውን አላቆሙም ነገር ግን ክፋታቸው ከዚህም በላይ በመሄድ ከቀሪው ኢትዮጵያዊ ወንድሞቹ ጋር በፍቅርና በሰላም እንዳይኖር በተለያዩ የኢትዮጵያ ክልሎች ለሚኖሩ ህዝቦች አማራ ጠላታቸው እንደሆነና ኦርቶዶክስ የጠላታቸው የነፍጠኛ አማራ ሃይማኖት እንደሆነ፣ በኢትዮጵያ ታሪክና በጀግኖቿም ላይ ያነጣጠረ የጥላቻ ፓለቲካና ፕሮፓጋንዳ ነዙ። አማሮች ምን ሊሰሩ ሃገራችሁ መጡ? በማለት በማነሳሳታቸው በርካታ ንጹሃን ዜጎች ለበርካታ ስቃይና መከራ ተዳርገዋል።

    ወያኔዎችና ተባባሪዎቹ በአማራ ህዝብ ላይ ባደረጉት አፍራሽ ቅስቀሳ የተነሳ በመላው ኢትዮጵያ በፈሰሰው የንጹሃን ደም ሳይጸጸቱ የወያኔ መሪ የሆኑት እነ ስብሃት ነጋ የአማራንና የኦርቶዶክስን አከርካሪ ሰብረናል እያሉ በአደባባይ መፎከራቸው ይታወሳል።  መንግስትና ህግ ባለበት ሃገር ውስጥ በንጹሃን ዜጎች ላይ ይህንን ሁሉ ወንጀልና ግፍ የፈጸሙት ሰዎች ለፍርድ ሳይቀርቡ መቅረታቸው የሚያሳየው በወንጀሉ የወያኔ እጅ በቀጥታ እንዳለበት ነው። በእርግጥ ህወሃቶች ወደ ጫካ ሲገቡ በማንፌስቶዋቸውም ላይ አማራ ጠላታችን ነው በማለት መጻፋቸው ይታወሳል።

    እንደሚታወሰው ወያኔ/ ኢህአዴግ ሥልጣን ላይ  ከወጣ ጀምሮ በአማራ ህዝብ ላይ በተነዛው የጥላቻ ፓለቲካ ምክንያት በበደኖ፣ በአርባ ጉጉ፣ በባሌ፣ በአርሲ፣ በሐረርጌ፣ በወለጋ፣ በአሶሳ፣ በበደኖ፣ በጉራ ፈርዳ፣ ባጠቃላይ በኦሮሚያ፣ በደቡብ ህዝቦች እና በተለያዩ የኢትዮጵያ ክልሎች በሚሊዮን የሚቆጠሩ አማሮች የዜግነትና የሰብአዊ መብታቸውን ተገፎ ከፍተኛ እንግልትና በደል ደርሶባቸዋል፣ ተወልደው ካደጉበት ቀዬ ንብረታቸው ተቀምተው ተባረዋል፣ ተገድለዋል፣ ተፈናቅለዋል። ከገደል ተወርውረዋል፣ በእሳት ተቃጥለዋል። በሊቢያ በረሃ በባእድ ሃገር ላይ ሳይሆን በሃገራቸው በኢትዮጵያ ምድር በርካታ ሰዎች አማርኛ ቋንቋ በመናገራቸው ወይም አማራ ሆነው በመፈጠራቸው ብቻ እንደ ከብት ታርደዋል። ይህ በዚህ በወያኔ ዘመን በዓይናችን ያየነው ሊካድ የማይችል እውነታ ነው።

    ህወሀትና ደጋፊውቹ ከላይ እስከ ታች ድረስ አባሪ ተባባሪ ሆነው በራሳቸው ላይ ሊደረግ የማይወዱትን በደልና ጭቆና ወገኔ ብሎ በሚጠራቸው በአማራ ህዝብ ላይ መፈጸማቸውን ባሰብኩ ጊዜ “ይህ ሰው ንጹህ ሆኖ እንኳን ቢገኝ ደሙ በልጅ ልጆቻችን ላይ ይድረስ” ብለው ኢየሱስ ከርስቶስን ይሁዲዎች ያለርህራሄ ተባብረው እንደሰቀሉት ሁሉ ለዚህች ሃገር ነጻነትና እድገት ብዙ የሰራውን የአማራን ህዝብ ያለበደሉ የሰቀሉት ያህል ይሰማኛል።

    አለመታደል ሆኖ ይህች ሃገርና ይህ ህዝብ ትልቅ ፈትና ውስጥ ገብተዋል። የአማራው ህዝብ  ወገኖቼ በሚላቸው ሰዎች ግፍና በደል እየደረሰበት ነው። ላለፉት 25 ዓመታት በአማርኛ ቋንቋ ተናጋሪው ህዝብ ላይ ወያኔና ተባባሪዎቹ ሃገር ከወረረ ከባእድ ፋሽስት በላይ ከፍተኛ ግፍና ጭቆና ፈጽመውበታል። ስለዚህ አማራው ነጻነቱን ከሌላ ሰው ሳይሆን እራሱ ማስከበር አለበት። እራሱን ነጻ ሳያወጣ ኢትዮጵያን ነጻ ማውጣት አይችልም። ግፍም ይሞላል። ሲበቃ ይበቃል።